Ajanta caves

ajanta caves HISTORY & Architecture

Ajanta Caves were carved out of the volcanic rock of the Deccan plateau by Buddhist monks and artisans. They served as monastic retreats, prayer halls, and religious sanctuaries. The caves were lost to history until their rediscovery in the 19th century by a British officer named John Smith.

Ajanta Caves exhibit exquisite architectural and artistic details, featuring intricate sculptures, paintings, and frescoes depicting Buddhist themes, Jataka tales (stories of Buddha’s previous lives), and scenes from everyday life. The architecture represents the culmination of ancient Indian rock-cut architecture.

Facts about Ajanta Caves

  • Ajanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognized for their historical significance and artistic achievements.
  • The paintings and sculptures found within the caves are some of the finest examples of ancient Indian art.
  • The caves served as an important center for Buddhist learning and meditation for several centuries.
  • The Ajanta Caves were abandoned around the 7th century CE and remained hidden for centuries until their rediscovery in the 19th century.
  • The caves were primarily sponsored by royal patrons and wealthy merchants who were followers of Buddhism.

Things to Do at Ajanta Caves

  • Explore the intricate cave architecture and admire the ancient artworks.
  • Take a guided tour to learn about the history and significance of each cave.
  • Witness the breathtaking paintings and sculptures depicting Buddhist themes and stories.
  • Enjoy the serene surroundings and picturesque views of the Waghora River valley.
  • Take photographs of the stunning cave interiors and exteriors.

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Ajanta Caves is during the winter months, from October to February, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for exploring the caves.

It’s advisable to avoid visiting during the monsoon season (June to September) due to heavy rainfall, which can make access to the caves difficult.



Jalgaon Airport is the nearest airport, which is about 47 kms and Aurangabad Airport is 103 km away from Ajanta Caves.


Jalgaon Railway station is the nearest railway station, which is 56 kms and Aurangabad Railway Station is 103 km away from Ajanta Caves.


From Aurangabad, visitors can hire taxis or take buses to reach the caves, which are located approximately 100 kilometers away.



Bhatkanti Holidays Logo

Please enter the details below to comment