Bhaja Caves

Bhaja Caves About

The Bhaja Caves are a group of ancient Buddhist rock-cut caves located near the hill station of Lonavala in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India. They are believed to date back to the 2nd century BCE and are renowned for their historical significance and architectural beauty.

Bhaja Caves HISTORY & Architecture

The Bhaja Caves were excavated during the Hinayana phase of Buddhism and were used as viharas (monasteries) and chaityas (prayer halls) by Buddhist monks for meditation, religious rituals, and communal gatherings. They are considered one of the earliest rock-cut cave complexes in India.

The architecture of Bhaja Caves reflects the early phase of rock-cut cave construction in India. The caves feature simple yet elegant facades with intricately carved pillars, stupas, and reliefs depicting Buddhist motifs and symbols. The most notable cave is Cave 12, which houses a chaitya hall with a stupa and intricate carvings.

Facts about Bhaja Caves

  • The Bhaja Caves are among the earliest Buddhist cave complexes in India, predating the more famous Ajanta and Ellora Caves.
  • The caves offer valuable insights into the religious and cultural practices of ancient Buddhist communities in the region.
  • Bhaja Caves are part of the larger complex of Buddhist rock-cut caves in the Western Ghats region, which also includes nearby Karla Caves.

Things to Do at Bhaja Caves

  • Explore the rock-cut caves and admire the ancient architecture and sculptures.
  • Take in the scenic views of the surrounding hills and valleys from the vantage point near the caves.
  • Learn about the history and significance of Bhaja Caves through guided tours or self-exploration.
  • Enjoy a peaceful retreat amidst nature and soak in the serene ambiance of the caves and their surroundings.

Best time to visit Bhaja Caves

The best time to visit Bhaja Caves is during the winter months, from October to February, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor exploration.

It’s advisable to avoid visiting during the monsoon season (June to September) due to heavy rainfall, which can make access to the caves challenging.

HOW TO REACH Bhaja Caves


Bhaja Caves are around 63 km from Pune International Airport.


Malvali Railway station is the nearest railway station, which is about 2.3 kms from Bhaja Caves.


It is approximately 12 kilometers from Lonavala city to reach the Bhaja Caves.


Bhaja Caves GOOGLE MAP

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