Ellora Caves


Ellora Caves, also known as Verul Leni, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site located near the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra, India. They are a complex of rock-cut cave temples representing a harmonious blend of Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain monuments, showcasing religious tolerance and architectural brilliance.

Ellora Caves HISTORY & Architecture

The Ellora Caves were excavated over a period of five centuries, from the 6th to the 11th centuries CE. They were patronized by various dynasties, including the Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Yadavas, and later the Kalachuris and Chalukyas of Kalyani. These caves served as centers of religious worship, pilgrimage, and artistic expression.

The architecture of Ellora Caves is remarkable for its grandeur and complexity. Ellora Caves consist of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain temples, each showcasing distinct architectural styles and iconography. The most famous among them is the Kailasa Temple (Cave 16), dedicated to Lord Shiva, which is the largest monolithic structure in the world.

Facts about Ellora Caves

  • Ellora Caves comprise a total of 34 caves, including 12 Buddhist caves (dating from 600-800 CE), 17 Hindu caves (dating from 600-900 CE), and 5 Jain caves (dating from 800-1000 CE).
  • The Kailasa Temple, carved entirely from a single rock, is estimated to have taken more than 200,000 tons of rock to construct and is one of the most remarkable feats of ancient Indian architecture.
  • The caves feature intricate sculptures, reliefs, and carvings depicting various deities, mythological scenes, and religious narratives.
  • Ellora Caves reflect the religious and cultural diversity of ancient India, serving as important pilgrimage sites for followers of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.

Things to Do at Ellora Caves

  • Explore the magnificent rock-cut temples and marvel at the intricate carvings and sculptures.
  • Visit the Kailasa Temple, the centerpiece of Ellora, and admire its colossal size and architectural brilliance.
  • Learn about the religious significance and historical background of each cave through guided tours.
  • Enjoy the serene ambiance and scenic surroundings of the Ellora complex.
  • Attend cultural events or festivals held at Ellora, especially during religious celebrations.

Best time to visit Ellora Caves

The best time to visit Ellora Caves is during the winter months, from October to February, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for exploring the caves.

It’s advisable to avoid visiting during the monsoon season (June to September) due to heavy rainfall, which can make access to the caves difficult.

HOW TO REACH Ellora Caves


 Aurangabad Airport is around 35 kms away from Ellora Caves.


The Nearest Railway Station Aurangabad Railway Station which is approx 28 kms.


Ellora Caves are located approximately 30 kilometers from Aurangabad city in Maharashtra.


Ellora Caves GOOGLE MAP

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